The vascular middle coat of the eyeball is a Uveal Tract. The Inflammation of the uveal tract is called ‘Uveitis’. If there is an associated systemic disease in the patient either an autoimmune disease or an infectious disease, there are chances that Uveitis might take place.

What is uveitis?

Uveitis occurs when the middle layer of the eyeball gets inflamed (red and swollen). This particular layer, called the uvea, has plenty of blood vessels that nourish the eye. Uveitis can also damage some vital eye tissue, which may lead to permanent loss of vision.

What are the symptoms of uveitis?

Some of the symptoms of uveitis may include:

  • Redness and irritation in the eye
  • Blurred vision
  • Eye pain
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Dark floating spots in your vision, called floaters

If it is left untreated, uveitis may permanently damage your vision.

What are the causes of Uveitis?

The main cause of Uveitis is due to inflammatory responses inside the eyes. Inflammation is the body’s response to illness or infection. The various cases of Uveitis are mostly linked to the problem of our immune system.

It usually tends to occur if there is an associated systemic disease in the patient, either an autoimmune disease or an infectious disease. It occurs when the eyes are red and swollen.

An autoimmune disease takes place when your immune system attacks some part of your body. Some of the autoimmune conditions that may be associated with uveitis include:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Psoriasis
  • Arthritis
  • Ulcerative Colitis
  • Kawasaki Disease
  • Crohn’s Disease
  • Sarcoidosis

Infections are another cause of uveitis, including:

  • Aids
  • Herpes
  • CMV Retinitis
  • West Nile Virus
  • Syphilis
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Tuberculosis
  • Histoplasmosis

Other causes

Uveitis can also be caused by:

  • Trauma or injury to the eyes, or eye surgery
  • Some types of cancers, such as lymphoma, although this is a very rare cause of uveitis

How is uveitis diagnosed?

Your consulted Eye expert will first examine your eye and a complete health history will be checked. He/She might also take some of the laboratory tests to rule out an infection or autoimmune disorder.

You may also need these tests:

  • Blood tests
  • Analysis of fluid from the eye
  • Photography to evaluate the retinal blood flow (angiography)

Sometimes your ophthalmologist might refer to some other specialist if they think that an underlying condition is causing your uveitis.

How is uveitis treated?

It all depends upon the type and causes of Uveitis. The main goal is to reduce the inflammation in the eye. Due to the diverse nature of uveitis, the treatment might differ from case to case quite considerably.

Here are some of the treatments of uveitis according to each type of Uveitis:

  • Treatment for anterior uveitis, or iritis, includes dark glasses, eye drops to dilate the pupil and reduce pain, and steroid eye drops to reduce inflammation or irritation.
  • Treatment for posterior uveitis may include steroids taken by mouth, injections around the eye, and visits to additional specialists to treat the infection or autoimmune disease. A body-wide bacterial infection is usually treated with antibiotics.
  • Treatment for intermediate uveitis includes steroid eye drops and steroids taken by mouth.

Why Choose Aakash Eye Clinic & Laser Center?

At Aakash Eye Clinic & Laser Center we tend to investigate patients with uveitis in depth and treat according to the cause of the disease. We provide the best doctor for Uveitis in Pune to treat uveitis condition, who has an extensive experience in treating complex eye conditions. We have world-class techniques to diagnose & treat your eye conditions. At Aakash Eye Clinic & Laser Center we provide a personalized treatment plan avoiding unnecessary use of steroids & the treatment is aimed for treating the hidden reasons for disease, relieving pain and inconvenience, by preventing the loss of sight from the diseases and its complexities such as glaucoma, macular edema and scarring of the retina.

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